Science and Technology in Russian Federation

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Regulations of Science and Innovations Sphere To Become Modern and Systemic

The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation introduced to the Government the federal bill concept “On the scientific, technical and innovative activity in the Russian Federation”.

The initiative to develop a new law on science came from the leadership the Ministry of Education of Russia and was raised at the first meeting of the Council of Education and Science of the State Duma, held at the end of January, 2014. According to the results of the meeting by the decision of the chairman of the lower chamber of parliament Sergei Naryshkin, a working group for preparation of a new bill concept, which was organized by the State Duma Committee on Science and High Technology. The concept has been developed for more than two and a half years by the deputies, as well as by the representatives of Russian Academy of Sciences, Association of public research centers, research universities, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, Public Chamber. The concept was discussed repeatedly at various venues unless the interested parties have reached a compromise on its key issues.

The main aim of the new law is to support and develop scientific, technical and innovative activity in our country, however and wherever it is organized and implemented. Key tasks are as follows: minimizing management policy in this sphere, creation of a competitive and comfortable environment for science activities, self-development and self-regulatory possibilities of the national scientific and technological system, building relationships of its members at all stages of the life cycle of knowledge. It involves the transfer of certain powers to the level of the subjects of such activities, while the formation of effective tools of interaction of scientists, scientific organizations and society, business and state.

According to the concept, the bill will have nine chapters. The first chapter “General Provisions” includes: the subject of regulation, the conceptual apparatus, harmonized with international standards, the range of sources forming legislation in the field of scientific, technical and innovative activity, its main objectives. Here the functions and responsibilities of public authorities of each level for the implementation of the unified state policy in the sphere of science will be clearly established, the special role of the Russian Academy of Sciences and other state academies of science in ensuring the unity of the scientific and methodical management in the field of fundamental and exploratory research will be fixed.

The second chapter fixes the basis of the Russian Federation’s state policy in the sphere of scientific, technical and innovative activities and principles of state regulation.

The third chapter “Scientific, technical and innovative activity” introduces the general concept of “scientific work” and a common approach to the implementation of scientific and educational activities, characteristic of all stages of intellectual lifecycle. It also formulates the basic requirements for innovative activity, as well as tools of state incentives of such activities. One of the long-awaited by scientific and business community novelties should be the regulation of scientific and expert activity.

The fourth same name chapter is devoted to the legal status of the main subjects of scientific, technical and innovative activity. It will establish such concepts as “scientist”, “research team”, formulate their rights and duties, as well as norms aimed at accelerating the development of scientific institutions with a leading position in a particular area of science and technology.

The fifth chapter “The infrastructure of scientific, technical and innovative activity” will reflect the issues related to the legal regime of purchasing and usage of scientific equipment, including unique research facilities, as well as the legal status of collective use centers, providing unimpeded access of research teams to them.

For the first time there will be a fixed model of information support of scientific, technical and innovative activity,

as well as the free use of state information systems containing information on provided for the use infrastructure facilities, vacancies of researchers, planned and carried out research and technological work, obtained results, and information about their use.

The sixth chapter “Territories of development of??scientific, technical and innovative activity” will register the provisions necessary for the development of territories with high scientific, technical and innovative potential. The classification and hierarchy of the special status of these territories will be given, the legal status of technological parks, technopolises, science campuses, science cities and special economic zones and their correlation with the industrial parks and regional innovation clusters will be defined.

The seventh chapter will formulate the objectives, subject and criteria of effectiveness assessment and monitoring criteria of scientific, technical and innovative activity of scientific organizations, define the peculiarities of the government statistics in the mentioned field.

The provisions of the eighth chapter “Economic activity and financial support in the field of scientific, technical and innovative activity” will become the normative basis for the development of competitive mechanisms for state support at the expense of budget funds, including those provided by the support funds of scientific, technical, innovative and development institutions.

The ninth chapter “Final and Transitional Provisions” contains provisions that enable to align the provisions of the bill to the current legislation and to implement a smooth transition to a new model of state regulation in the sphere of science, technology and innovation.

Recently, after agreeing on the federal bill “On the scientific, technical and innovative activity in the Russian Federation” concept with the federal authorities, the Russian Ministry of Education introduced it officially to the Government. This will be followed by the process of preparation and discussion of the bill text, which is expected to be introduced by the Cabinet in March 2018 to the State Duma.

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